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Allergic reactions while travelling

Allergic reactions while travelling

BY SHILPA PAL
Sometimes while travelling an allergy might be triggered off by the things you least expected. 
Here is a list of some common allergies and their remedies.

1. Shellfish Allergy

Shellfish is among the most common food allergens. 
Shellfish allergy is an abnormal response by the body's immune system to proteins in certain marine animals. This includes marine animals with shells, such as shrimp, crab, oysters and lobster, as well as squid and scallops.
Remedy : Boost your immune system to lessen the severity of shellfish allergy symptoms with these remedies
People allergic to shellfish should always carry an epinephrine syringe or Epi-pen.
Epinephrine is the standard treatment for emergency allergy treatments for people suffering from anaphylactic shock. Epinephrine syringes are available in all pharmacies.
On the other hand, the homeopathic remedy urtica urens is useful in preventing or stopping allergic reaction to shellfish. Carry a small vial and take a dose as soon as symptoms appear. The remedy is available at health food stores.
Apis mellifica is another homeopathic remedy useful for treating mild allergic symptoms from shellfish. The person needing Apis may have red, swollen, itchy patches. Often, cold applications will feel good and reduce the itching. If you experience early symptoms after consuming shellfish, take a dose of Apis and repeat as necessary. 

2. Sun Allergy


A sun allergy is an immune system reaction to sunlight, most often, an itchy red rash. The most common locations include the "V" of the neck, the back of the hands, the outside surface of the arms and the lower legs. In rare cases, the skin reaction may be more severe, producing hives or small blisters that may even spread to skin in clothed areas.
Remedy : To reduce the severity of sun poisoning, there are a few natural remedies that you can try immediately.
Essential Oils
1. Tea Tree Oil
Add 10 drops of tea tree oil to 30 ml of coconut oil and mix well. Apply the mixture to the affected area and allow it to dry.
Coconut Oil
Take some coconut oil and apply it directly to the sunburned area. Leave it on for 30 to 60 minutes before washing off.
Baking Soda
Take a tablespoon of baking soda and add a little water to it to form a paste. Apply the mixture to the affected areas. Once the paste dries, wash it off with lukewarm water.
Aloe Vera
Scrape out some aloe gel from the aloe leaf. Apply the gel evenly to the affected area. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes before washing it off with water.
Tea Bags
Refrigerate the used green tea bags for an hour. Apply a cold tea bag to the affected area and leave it on for 30 minutes or so.
Honey
Take some honey and apply it evenly to the affected areas. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes before washing off with cold water.

3. Pollen Allergy 


The immune system normally defends the body against harmful invaders, such as viruses and bacteria, to ward off illnesses. In people with pollen allergies, the immune system mistakenly identifies the harmless pollen as a dangerous intruder and begins to produce chemicals to fight against the pollen.
Remedy : A number of remedies may also help relieve pollen allergy symptoms. These include:
Using a squeeze bottle or neti pot to flush pollen from the nose.
(A neti pot is a simple device that looks like a small teapot. Warm, sterile water is mixed with pure salt in the pot. While tilting your head slightly to one side, place the spout in your nostril on top and let the saline solution drain through your bottom nostril.)
Trying herbs and extracts, such as PA-free butterbur or spirulina.
  (Butterbur, or Petasites hybridus, is a type of marsh plant that’s long been used for                   medicinal purposes. So far findings suggest that the plant may be an effective treatment for   nasal allergies. Butterbur would be administered as an oil extract or in pill form.)
(Spirulina is a popular alternative treatment for symptoms of allergic rhinitis; it reduces symptoms like nasal discharge, sneezing, nasal congestion and itching.)
Removing and washing any clothing that has been worn outside
Drying clothes in a dryer rather than outside on a clothing line.
Using air conditioning in cars and homes.

4. Pet dander allergy


One of the biggest misunderstandings regarding pet allergies is that they are caused by the animal’s fur; rather it is dog or cat dander which causes the real issue. Pet dander is comprised of tiny particles of dead flaked skin and also urine and saliva. All pets give off a certain amount of dander regardless of their breed or length of fur. People who are prone to pet and other allergies have an overly sensitive immune system. 
Remedy:

Nasal irrigation
Irrigating your nasal passage with saline water can be an effective and simple home remedy for allergic symptoms. It can help flush the sinuses and clear away irritations caused by allergens helping you to breathe more comfortably.
Butterbur
If you suffer from pet allergies, then consider taking butterbur which many people use to ease their allergic symptoms. Butterbur is a natural alternative to pharmaceutical antihistamines which does not cause the same drowsiness.
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging nettle, also called Urtica dioica is a perennial flowering plant. Stinging nettle leaf extract has antihistamines which block the production of histamines in case of pet allergies. The root extract soothes irritated nasal tract due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Capsules and tablets of freeze-dried leaf extract are commercially available.
Essential Oils
Many essential oils have natural antihistamine properties making them a safe and effective treatment for pet and other allergies without the risk of drowsiness. The best essential oils for allergies are lavender, lemon and peppermint but many others can also provide excellent relief including eucalyptus, lemongrass and helichrysum.
To use essential oils to ease your allergic symptoms, you can diffuse them at home, inhale them directly from the bottle or make a steam inhaler by adding a few drops into a sink full of boiling water and inhaling the vapors. Alternatively, you can dilute your chosen essential oil in carrier oil and dab it under your nostrils and temples.

5. Christmas tree allergy


Live Christmas trees can cause an allergic reaction in certain individuals who may be sensitive to the mold and dust often found in branches and foliage. The number of mold spores continues to raise once the live tree is placed indoors, making the holidays nearly unbearable for those with particularly sensitive allergies. Other known causes of Christmas tree allergies are tree sap, pollen, which is scattered in the air during the fall season, and terpenes, a compound that gives pine trees their characteristic scent. Chemicals used at Christmas tree farms may also cause skin and eye irritation.
Remedy :
Remove Mold from Tree
 Wipe the trunk thoroughly with a solution of Luke-warm water and diluted bleach (1-part bleach to 20-parts water) to eliminate any mold.
Shake Off the Pollen
Before leaving a Christmas tree farm or lot, ask if they have a mechanical tree-shaker to remove dead needles, pollen, and other debris. You can also use a leaf blower to remove visible pollen grains.
Dry the tree outside before bringing it in. Shaking it outside before bringing it in should also help to reduce the number of mold triggers
Purchase an air cleaner (purifier) and use it in the same room the Christmas tree is located.

6. Seabather's eruption

Sea bather's eruption is a hypersensitivity reaction to the larval form, or planulae, of the thimble jellyfish, Linuche unguiculata. It has also been reported to be caused by the larvae stage of the sea anemone, Edwardsiella lineata, and various cnidarian larvae in other parts of the world.
Remedy :
An application of diluted vinegar or rubbing alcohol may neutralize any toxin left on the skin.
Applying an ice pack may help to relieve any pain.
Use of 1 percent hydrocortisone lotion can help.
Topical calamine lotion with 1 percent menthol may also be soothing.